When a student compares two things, he or she is looking for the similarities between them. Alternatively, when a student is contrasting two things he or she is searching for the differences. Learning the skills of comparing and contrasting will guide a student in recognizing specific characteristics of objects. These skills are especially useful when looking at two objects that belong in the same category. For instance, an educator teaching students how to compare and contrast may hold up a banana and a lemon. In comparing them her students would likely state that they are both pieces of fruit. However, the teacher may point out that although they are both pieces of fruit there are several differences to make note of. For instance, the lemon has a sour taste, whereas the banana is sweet. With this type of example, students will learn that two objects can belong to the same category yet still be quite different.  

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